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The little Madrid house strewn with shrapnel marks is saved from demolition, for now

18 October 2017
Peironcely 10 photographed by Robert Capa

All eyes are on a little shrapnel-strewn bungalow in Vallecas this week after its owner gave residents a shock two-week eviction notice before demolition of their historic home was to begin.

The modest one-storey building at Calle Peironcely 10 rose to fame after Robert Capa – an acclaimed war photographer killed by a landmine at the age of 41 – photographed it during Madrid’s bombing in 1936. The scene in the photograph reflected a neighbourhood marred by the effects of the ongoing Civil War. Standing to the east of the city, the working-class barrio of Vallecas suffered some of the city’s heaviest attacks as it was on the route between the Republican cities of Madrid and Valencia.

Despite its extensive war damage, the little house went on to survive a further 81 years before facing its greatest threat so far: its owner wanted to demolish it, destroying not only a symbol of Spain’s cultural heritage, but also one of the increasingly scarce examples of traditional housing in Madrid.


Madrid’s city council and an association set up specifically to save Peironcely 10 (#salvapeironcely10) have been fighting for years to stop its demolition. Given the residents’ poor and cramped living conditions, however, many saw conservation as a backward step, preferring to move the residents on to higher-quality housing and make way for a new development.

Residents meet in the courtyard of their homes (photo by Inma Flores)

There are currently 34 people living at the address: 21 adults and 13 children aged between 2 and 17 (© Inma Flores)

One of the patios at Peironcely 10 (© Myriam)

One of the patios at Peironcely 10 (© Myriam)

Further undermining the building’s historical significance, the owner plastered over the shrapnel marks – but despite its fresh new look, this building is one of the last witnesses to a period of Spanish history that none of us should forget.

Plastered shrapnel marks (© FUNDACIÓN AGFITEL)

Plastered-over shrapnel marks (© FUNDACIÓN AGFITEL)

The facade of Peironcely 10 today

The facade of Peironcely 10 today

Earlier this week, all the hard work of residents, city councillors and the #salvapeironcely10 project paid off: this world-famous building has been saved from demolition.

The fate of its residents, however, is still unsure. Will they be allowed to remain in the building? And if they do, will their living conditions be improved? For #salvapeironcely10, the fight continues.

We mustn’t forget just how close Peironcely 10 came to being wiped off the map – Madrid almost lost a significant part of its history. For every piece of Spain’s past that disappears, the country’s youngest generation loses a physical connection to its culture and to society’s accumulated knowledge. History teaches us not only what happened in the past, but also who we are today and how we can avoid repeating the same mistakes in the future.

Over the last few months, I’d hoped the little shrapnel-strewn bungalow in Vallecas wasn’t going to be demolished, and I’m both surprised and inspired by the success of the fight to save it. It seems we’re not the only ones on a mission to preserve Madrid’s humble way of life.

Update: 23/01/20

The Peironcely 10 residents have finally been handed their eviction notices and promised reallocation to new housing – something they’ve been hoping for for years. The poorly maintained building they’ve been living in for decades will be turned from a living museum into an actual museum! We’ll be able to visit this traditional casa baja complex and experience that physical connection to a past that most of us never saw. Read more about it here.


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